The Strasbourg Eurometropolis has taken a decisive step in the fight against air pollution by voting, Friday, October 15, to set up a low-emissions-mobility zone (ZFE-m) from January 1 2022 (ZFE-m) over its entire area. For the moment, only Paris and its metropolis have such an area. In Lyon and Grenoble, the system is limited to commercial vehicles only.
In Strasbourg, from 1is January 2023, after a first “blank” year in which only educational checks will take place, private and professional vehicles with a Crit’Air 5 sticker and without a Crit’Air sticker will be banned from circulation in the entire agglomeration of 500,000 inhabitants, twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a year. The ban will extend in 2024 to Crit’Air 4, then to Crit’Air 3 a year later. The extension to all diesel vehicles from 2028, along with a three-year educational phase, will have to be the subject of a later decision.
Four municipalities in the Alsatian metropolis (Strasbourg, Schiltigheim, Ostwald and Holtzheim), representing two thirds of its population, have however decided to embark on this path now. A two-stage governance which sums up the difficulty for this agglomeration of 33 municipalities to arrive at a homogeneous position on the issue. Half of the municipalities were also opposed or abstained during the vote.
Since the first reflections on the subject, in 2016, the issue of the ZFE has divided the elected officials of the Eurometropolis. While it regularly records nitrogen dioxide peaks along its main roads, the city of Strasbourg has taken the lead by establishing in September 2018 a restricted traffic zone in its hypercentre, to prohibit access to most polluting delivery vehicles. In 2019, the municipality also endorsed the principle of an ZFE-m with a calendar running until 2025 for the ban of Crit’Air 2 vehicles.
At the same time, the agglomeration validated the principle of an ZFE-m extended to the whole of its territory, but without defining a precise timetable beyond the ban on Crit’Air 5 vehicles. A municipal election later, the new president of the Eurometropolis, Pia Imbs, first proposed a differentiated calendar between the hard core of the metropolis and the municipalities of its second crown, before changing his mind in the face of the rebellion of certain elected officials, in favor of a calendar unique with more distant deadlines than those envisaged by the city of Strasbourg.
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