July 1, 2022

three in ten French people have passed the course or are thinking about it, according to Bpifrance

The desire to be an entrepreneur did not disappear with the crisis, on the contrary! Three in ten French people run a business or want to start a business, according to a survey published Wednesday by Bpifrance. A stable proportion compared to 2018, but increasing in disadvantaged neighborhoods (QPV) where 20% of the population is part of this “entrepreneurial chain”, against 14% three years ago, according to the survey conducted for the public bank by the Ifop institute with 5,066 people, including 501 in the priority districts of the city (QPV).

Still significant disparities

However, the backwardness of these neighborhoods remains significant with only 3% of business owners in QPVs, against 14% in the general population. On the other hand, the glass ceiling is not yet broken for women. While about a third of men (34%) in France are a business owner or have a project to create a professional activity, only a quarter of women (26%) run a company or intend to start a business. to their account.

The under-representation of women is linked to a lack of “self-confidence”: they are “significantly less likely than men to consider that they have the qualities required to run a business”, according to the survey, which sees the hope of a future rebalancing in the fact that they are as numerous as men among the “intentionists”.

Indeed, with the crisis, more and more women want to become business leaders, according to the Veuve Clicquot barometer published in July. 38% of French women are determined to go through the entrepreneurship box and a third of them believe that the crisis has reinforced this desire, according to the barometer. Nevertheless, the feeling of a greater difficulty when one is a woman in the desire to create a business does persist. In addition, financing seems less obvious when you are a woman entrepreneur, 69% of French women are convinced, the consequences of the crisis reduce the funds granted to them.

A crisis that boosts ambitions

However, the crisis has not evaporated the ambitions of the French to become a business leader. Between the third quarter 2020 and the third quarter 2021, more than one million companies (including micro-entrepreneurs) have been created, according to INSEE, against 813,000 between the third quarter of 2019 and the third quarter of 2020, during the first wave of Covid-19 in 2020.

In addition, the status of micro-entrepreneur is on the rise, the French are embarking on solutions, in particular, in the face of health restrictions linked to the Covid crisis, such as home delivery.

In a general way, “We have an entrepreneurial engagement rate which remains very stable even though we are in a health context which has had a strong impact on business leaders”, three quarters of them saying they have been affected by the crisis, explained to AFP Laurence Tassone, head of the SME and business creation observatories at Bpifrance. But this impact has sometimes been positive because it enabled 20% of business leaders “to take the time to think about their strategy, to launch new products, or even to offer new services”, especially digital, she said.

Young people very concerned

Finally, young people are much more concerned with entrepreneurship than their elders, with half (51%) of those under 30 involved, against only a quarter of those over 30.

“The number of businesses created by young people under 30 doubled between 2009 and 2020”, in particular thanks to the creation of the micro-entrepreneur regime, also notes Laurence Tassone.

“The welfare state is enormously generous, incredible in this post-Covid period, and therefore entrepreneurship is less and less monetarily risky”, estimated at the end of November during a press conference Nicolas Dufourcq, the general manager of Bpifrance.

(With AFP)