January 26, 2022

a French company accused of selling an electronic surveillance system to Marshal Haftar

Investigators from the Central Office for the Fight Against Crimes Against Humanity, Genocide and War Crimes (OCLCH) discovered in June that the French company Nexa Technologies had illegally sold state-of-the-art surveillance equipment to the Marshal Haftar, leader of the Libyan National Army, reveals Release.

Nexa Technologies is suspected of having sold to the Marshal’s forces a system known as “Alpha max” making it possible to intercept telephone calls in a specific geographical area, through its subsidiary in the United Arab Emirates. However, such a sale is illegal: since 2011 Libya has been under an embargo prohibiting the export of weapons and surveillance systems. According to information from Release, Nexa Technologies executives told investigators that the sale was successful, but the equipment never made it to Libya – it was reportedly stranded in Dubai.

“Complicity in acts of torture”

Nexa Technologies and its previous version, Amesys (until the 2010s), are already at the heart of several procedures for the sale of telephone or Internet surveillance tools to Muammar Gaddafi’s Libya and to Egypt. of Marshal Al-Sisi. These tools have been directly used by these regimes to suppress their opponents, say several NGOs who have filed a complaint against the company. Since last June, a procedure for “complicity in acts of torture and enforced disappearances” targets executives of Nexa Technologies for the sale of its tools to Egypt and a former executive of Amesys is indicted for “complicity in acts of torture” for its sales of equipment to Gaddafi’s Libya.

Marshal Haftar, leading a military offensive on Tripoli in 2019 and 2020, has finally given up on conquering the country by force from his stronghold in the east. He announced in mid-November his candidacy for the presidential election scheduled for December 24. Suspected of abuses and the subject of complaints, including in France, the marshal has benefited in recent years from the discreet support of Paris – in early 2020, he was received at the Elysee Palace, during a meeting that did not appear not on the official agenda.

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