Every employer has the obligation to reduce or eliminate the risks that exist within his company to ensure the safety of workers. As a preventive measure, several measures must be taken and implemented, whether in offices, on an industrial site, a shopping center or a factory. Here are 8 solutions available to employers to optimize workplace safety and risk prevention in the workplace.
Hazard signs to prevent risks in business
In warehouses, factories or even in offices, dangers can always exist. To protect your employees, visitors and customers from possible risks, you must install danger signs.
Danger signage must effectively warn people of the risks in the company in order to avoid accidents. The installation of these devices is moreover most often an obligation for the employer. These can be panels, stickers stickers, flexible vinyls or danger pictograms.
Hazard signs and pictograms are subject to strict standards. Indeed, they must comply with the ISO EN 7010 standard since January 1, 2014. The latter essentially consists of standardizing the danger symbols, so that they are easily understandable by all and universal: you will find on the sites specialized like securinorme.com a wide choice of signs and pictograms which respect the standards in force.
There are different types of dangers: we thus find electrical hazard signs, pictograms that warn of chemical risks, those related to the dangers associated with machines, etc.
The piping can also be the cause of major accidents in professional places. The status color is a pipe sign that identifies potential danger zones. The indication of the state color on the pipes will provide information on the pressure, the temperature as well as the purity of the fluids they convey. To do this, you can use pictograms indicating information on the fluid conveyed to optimize the efficiency of pipe labeling.
If the identification colors and the state color are superimposed on the same pipe, the piping marking will be made with two colored rings or two contiguous bands. According to the standard in force, sensitive conduits must include a marking of the direction of flow of fluids.
In general, these pipes are used for dangerous elements such as toxic, flammable, explosive materials, under pressure, at high temperature, etc.
Floor marking to minimize risks
Even if the risks are often unpredictable, it is essential to carry out a risk assessment in order to put in place adequate preventive actions to reduce them as much as possible. Whether in a warehouse, a logistics platform, a storage location, a parking lot or simply a passageway, floor marking is essential to avoid occupational accidents.
Floor marking plays an essential role in optimizing preventive measures in companies. This solution makes it possible, for example, to delimit the storage areas from the risk areas, to delimit fluid passages between the racks, or to delimit the pedestrian circulation zones from those of the machines.
In addition, the markings on the ground can also be used to indicate an emergency exit, areas with heavy passage of machinery, etc.
The choice of floor marking must be carried out with care to ensure its effectiveness. Indeed, it must be consistent with the environment, easily and quickly understandable and intuitive. In addition, it must be understandable by everyone, regardless of the native language.
Companies: impact protection and bumpers
In optimizing risk prevention, it is necessary to talk about protective bumpers and shock absorbers. Their main role is to prevent injuries and material damage in the event of an impact.
Concretely, the anti-shock protections will make it possible to avoid injuries in the event of falls on sharp angles, for example. They will also make it possible to avoid the material damage that could be caused by collisions between vehicles. These devices are therefore essential in narrow spaces, with beams and low ceilings.
In addition to their preventive function, the two-tone yellow and black protective bumpers play the role of signage. If the preventive role ever fails, they are designed to alleviate the impact.
The fire alarm: essential for any structure
If ever a fire breaks out, the speed of the intervention and the evacuation of the premises is crucial to limit the damage. But to do this, it is necessary to intervene from the start of the fire. This is the reason why it is necessary to install efficient fire alarm devices in the premises of the company.
Moreover, this is a legal obligation imposed by article R4227-34 of the Labor Code. According to this legal provision, an audible alarm system must be installed for establishments occupied by more than fifty people and where flammable materials are handled and used.
The quality of the soil in the company can be the cause of more or less serious accidents. Indeed, a slippery floor, whether it is subject to humidity or not, represents a real danger. To prevent accidents at work, you should install non-slip flooring that is suitable for the environment. Different non-slip solutions are available to equip your stairs and slippery spaces.
Easy to apply and available for indoors and outdoors, the non-slip adhesive is one of the best solutions available to you to prevent the risk of slips. Easy to apply, non-slip adhesives are very effective in preventing slips, in fact. They are available in several models to adapt to different environments: environment subject to bad weather, saline environment, stairs, parking …
The non-slip paint is another weatherproof solution. With anti-slip paints, you can indeed provide more security by creating visual contrast.
Pedestrian barriers are also essential risk prevention devices in business. They are very effective in terms of warning. In general, they are used to delimit or prohibit access to a danger zone. It also makes it possible to encourage those authorized to access it to pay attention and to be aware of the dangerous nature of what surrounds them. By seeing the pedestrian barriers, workers will be able to watch out for potential dangers such as the presence of fragile goods, the circulation of automatic machines, the demarcation of the steps of a staircase, the risk of collision, etc.
Personal Protective Equipment or PPE
PPE is at least as important as the collective solutions we discussed earlier. Indeed, this personal protective equipment makes it possible to reduce the risks as much as possible. The employer has the obligation to provide his employees with personal protective equipment that complies with the legislation in force. You should also make sure that your employees wear them correctly and whenever necessary.
To do this, the employer is required to indicate by means of signs or regular training in which situations PPE should be used.
According to article R.233-83-3 of the French Labor Code, PPE concerns all the devices or means that must be worn or held by a person to protect him against one or more risks. These risks can threaten their health or safety in the workplace. There are different types of PPE, varying according to the risks and degrees of risk.
A significant number of accidents at work affect the hands. As these accidents happen quite frequently, it is essential to have the appropriate PPE to protect workers who are exposed to the risk of hand injury.
Like all other PPE, protective gloves are governed by standards, such as standard EN420, standard EN388, standard EN407 or even standard EN374. The standards to be observed depend on the sector and the model of gloves required, depending on the work concerned.
This is another personal protective equipment or PPE that helps prevent injuries caused by falling objects, shocks or collisions that can be common in the workplace. There are several types of helmets that meet strict standards. These vary according to the risks incurred and the quality of protection sought.
The eyes can also be exposed to significant risks in certain areas. To avoid irreversible sequelae or damage, you must provide employees with safety or protective glasses that allow them to face the various risks: chemical, biological, mechanical, thermal, as well as the risks of radiation.
Safety shoes are essential to protect workers, especially against the risk of falling. In practice, wearing suitable safety shoes makes it possible to prevent falls but also protect the feet and the lower part of the body from crushing, punctures, corrosion, torsions in the ankles, legs …
The appropriate safety shoes depend on the risks involved. In general, they are classified into three categories: protective footwear, safety footwear and work footwear.
Noise is another factor that can adversely affect the health of employees in different industries. When collective strategies are failing to protect employees, you must provide workers with PPE adapted to the risks: noise canceling headphones, earplugs, noise-canceling headband, etc.