In France, 2.2 million employees work for foreign companies, ie 13% of the workforce in the sectors concerned. More than one in 10 jobs, while only 16,800 companies are under foreign control in France, or less than 1% of companies and 17% of the country’s wealth according to INSEE.
44% of employment in France under foreign control is concentrated in medium-sized companies (ETI) and 41% in large companies.
In comparison, French multinational firms account for 31% of their jobs in France in mid-sized companies and 63% in large companies. For other French companies, only 11% of jobs are in mid-sized companies, 53% are in microenterprises and 36% in small and medium-sized enterprises (excluding microenterprises).
In companies under foreign control, 32% of jobs depend on the industrial sector. Almost all of these industrial jobs (99%) are in the manufacturing industry.
Where do these foreign companies come from?
In 2019, the 28 countries of the European Union (EU, including the United Kingdom) account for 53% of employment in France under foreign control: in first place, Germany with 325,000 jobs, followed by the Netherlands Bas, the United Kingdom and Belgium. The companies controlled by the United States employ the most in France (512,000 jobs), followed by Switzerland and Japan for countries outside the European Union. In total, 15 of the 107 countries present in France concentrate 95% of employment in France under foreign control.
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